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Top 10 Medicinal Plants and Their Significance in Modern Life

by Surbhi Tanwar 12 Jun 2023
Top 10 Medicinal Plants

People say there is a herb for every ailment in the world, and our greenery enthusiasts will tell you that they are right. Nature has bestowed upon us its grace through endless plant species that aid us in staying healthy & lively. Moreover, the ease of gardening in our backyards, balconies, and terraces has opened several doors to encourage growing medicinal plants nearby.

Excited to grow your personal medicinal garden? Well, wait a minute; let’s brush up on our concepts about restorative greenery before bringing them home.

What are Medicinal Plants?

Medicinal plants carry several healing properties in their being that aids us humans in overcoming various diseases. From something as minor as treating the common cold to dealing with a complex nervous system, these green buddies tackle many major and minor ailments.

In fact, our grandparents know their value better than us since herbs were their go-to home remedies before modern medicine’s expected availability stepped into the picture.

Medicinal Plants

These plants are also not that rare, as they are easily found on the online market and offline nurseries, so more & most people can benefit from them. They are easy to propagate, maintain, and harvest. The healing plants find a welcoming place in the culinary & cosmetic industry. Once propagated at home, you can utilize them while they gorgeously grace your ambiance.

Top 10 Medicinal Plants in India and their Uses

The cultivation of medicinal plants is a great way to enhance the greenery quotient while ensuring better health prospects. There are endless varieties of medicinal plants online, so picking the most suitable ones for your garden can sometimes be a task. But don’t worry, down below is a list of the best medicinal plants and their uses for you to select accordingly:

1. Holy Basil

Locally called Tulsi, this plant had to be on top of this list. It is known globally for its medicinal powers and across the nation for its religious value. While we Indians worship it with diyas and incense sticks, the plant returns generously with its healing properties.

So, the Holy Basil is often seen in the kitchens, brewing with the Chai leaves or in a healthier concoction. One of its most common variants, the Rama Tulsi, is known for its grace in removing severe coughs & colds. You can grow it in spiritual-looking terracotta pots with rich soil.

Several herbal toiletries are manufactured with Karpura Tulsi as their primary healing agent. Overall, this plant can cure malaria, headache, insomnia, respiratory diseases, etc. Some people also prefer wearing Tulsi beads, enhancing their physical and mental health.

2. Calendula

A flowering variety that comes in decorative plant seeds packages, it is typically known as the Marigold. It stays low-maintenance in the preference for soil, accepting the worst of them as long as they are filled with moisture. However, that should not deter you from propagating the Calendula in a nutritious potting mix.

Apart from producing gorgeous orange-hued flowers, the plant imposes an extreme value in the derma industry. It readily cures sprains, sore eyes, wounds, stings, etc., when applied externally, and the healing tea will benefit fevers, blood circulation, and chronic infections. Propagate it in rectangular plastic pots to see the flourishing with more flowers.


3. Aloe Vera

Being a succulent, this green buddy is a hero in the hardy plants' category. Aloe vera grows with thick leaves, carrying the Superman of the saps that are incredibly beneficial for our health. Pick a thick leave and open it up to remove the jelly-like white substance; you can use it in health drinks to cure inflammations from the inside, and it will turn out superb in face packs to lead you to a filter-free tone.

Not only that, you can use the sap to treat wounds and cuts as well. When ingested as a healthy beverage, it will prepare your digestive system for a less irritated lifestyle and can even cure chronic constipation, making way for a better appetite. It lends a rugged vibe to the garden when grown in aesthetic floor planters. Plus, its flexibility allows one to grow it indoors on the balconies and the peeking windowsills.

4. Sage

We are unsure if the Sage word came from this plant or if the Sages gave it the same name as themselves to point out its pure qualities. Whatever it is, the Latin term ‘Salvia’ literally means ‘healing,’ and that’s where the English word Sage comes from. A favorite in the medicinal greenery, it picks feminine ailments like menopausal issues, unending lactation, and sterility. Besides this, it also acts as a mood booster for anxiety and depression.

The Sage plant also reduces liver issues, excessive salivation & perspiration, but if you are dealing with skin issues like inflammations and insect bites, use it externally. From mouth inflammations to vaginal problems, it will give you more comfortable health. It can also promote better heating power in the digestion system, enhancing gut health.

This green buddy is also revered for its pure vibrations in the spiritual world, as people burn its leaves to spread a positive aura with its aromatic fragrance and serene vibrations with its incense-like smoke. Burn it in the evening and enjoy the peaceful aura without negative vibrations.


5. Fenugreek

Chefs worldwide call it Fenugreek, while Indians know it by the Hindi name called Methi. This plant’s seeds, locally known as Methi seeds, aid us in several ways. From treating inflammations in the ulcers to keeping the liver safe to enhancing digestion to making weight gain easy, this plant is a boon to Ayurvedic science.

It is also a boon for females, as it eases the cramps caused by menstruation and labor. Also, if one is having a bad breath issue, then these seeds will work miracles in altering the mouth odor. In fact, these are often used when someone has lost their mouth’s taste buds, perhaps after vomiting. Some people also use them in hair masks, as they promote strong hair growth with a glossy shine.

6. Ashwagandha

An oldy in the medicine world, this plant is as ancient as we can trace back; since then, it has been used in Ayurvedic science for its varied benefits. Its ingestion in measured doses leads to a more robust immune system, which is its more commonly known use after the pandemic struck.

Apart from boosting immunity, it helps in bettering cholesterol levels, reducing anxiety and stress, promoting vision, regenerating brain cells, and keeping the heart young. It is pretty normal to see healthy tonics infused with this herb, as it vouches for better health and well-being. Moreover, these days people even make ashwagandha-infused hot chocolate to satiate their taste buds and keep their bodies warm.

7. Stevia

It’s impossible to live in today’s diet-conscious world without hearing the term ‘Stevia.’ The advertisements are enough to make us aware of this product’s magical sweetness that is three hundred percent more potent than the primary sugar and a lot healthier, too.

This plant is super beneficial for people with diabetes, as they can fulfill their sugar cravings in a controlled manner using this herb instead! Also, due to its low-calorie content and low carbohydrate profile, it is pretty famous among health fanatics who wish to keep a check on their calories. One may enjoy the taste of sugar without hampering their blood glucose levels.


8. Chamomile

This flowering herb is gaining popularity in modern culture as more and more people are choosing natural ways of enhancing their physical health. Chamomile tea, for instance, is a favorite among people dealing with insomnia because it promotes relaxation and sleep.

Besides, the plant is also helpful in aiding digestion and treating regular aches concerning teeth, ears, etc. Not only that, but it is also an essential component in the aroma industry, primarily used in candles, so those who don’t like its taste can still benefit from its serene fragrance. The plant gets pregnant with white-petalled blooms carrying a yellow sun-like center.

9. Tea Tree

The name has a tree in it, but don’t worry, this plant won’t take much space and can be easily planted in ceramic pots to maintain aesthetics. However, one may also let it grow big into a shrub. Its usage as a medicinal plant dates back to ancient times, when people often used it for treating their headaches. Its bark is also used for wrapping as a bandage, molding into a sleeping mat & raincoat, etc.

The widely-known tea tree oil is manufactured from this plant’s leaves and twigs. The oil’s anti-fungal and anti-bacterial skills make it valuable in the cosmetic industry for treating acne and other skin-related issues. The tea tree oil also helps calm the skin from cold sores, burns, infections, etc. More and more cosmetic products are noticing a need to involve this plant in their products.

10. Lavender


What’s better than a herb plant? A herb that blossoms with bright-colored flowers, lavender is one such gorgeous beauty that enhances the beauty around while proving beneficial for physical and mental health. You may grow them in grow bags, too, and once propagated, wait for them to burst with pretty blooms, and they are ready for harvesting.

One may sprinkle these flowers over a salad, infuse them in the lemonade, or experiment with some other way to include them in one’s diet. This plant, however, is more famously known for its brilliant fragrance, which feels as sweet as a sugar cookie. Lavender-infused candles, incense sticks, and perfumes are appreciated for their stress-releasing effects.

What is the Importance of Medicinal Plants?

After knowing the uses of medicinal plants, another question arises - the advantages of medicinal plants. Although their uses justify their existence enough, here’s some more emphasis on their overall presence:

★ There is no such thing as too much greenery, so when you propagate different medicinal plants, they will not only prove beneficial in terms of what their name suggests, but they will also enhance the overall ambiance with their presence.

Importance of Medicinal Plants

★ Medicinal plants are beneficial to the environment as well, as more greenery indicates a healthier ambiance that stays cool and promotes better airflow around.

★ These plants are pretty easy to grow, so if you are looking for some low-maintenance green buddies, these herbs are ready to shake hands with you.

★ There is an endless list of diseases that come under these plants’ jurisdiction. From something as ordinary as a cough to something as terrible as labor pain, these plants are the closest to the superheroes.

★ Catching a common cold and dealing with chronic conditions is something that most of us have experienced at least once. It’s always better to use natural remedies over chemical ones. Just a friendly reminder: we are not discouraging the use of pharmaceuticals.

★ Some of these plants are also beneficial to use without any diseases, just to protect your body from potential diseases. Their usage in moderate doses will be advantageous for your long-term health, be it physical or mental.

Benefits of Medicinal Plants

Overall, all medicinal plants name have gained that title to belong in the healing industry due to their significant value for our physical health. Their propagation will lead to a greener environment, acting as your go-to medical shop when you face bodily troubles. Moreover, with the increasing focus on improving our mental health, we can utilize these plants as a cheap therapy; both their propagation and usage can lower stress levels in no time.

Moreover, online shopping for medicinal plants is as easy as brushing our teeth - hop on our online gardening website and shop from the medicinal plants list to create your herbal garden, and that too at reasonable rates! What a worthy investment!

FAQs About Top Medicinal Plants in India

Ques: Which Components Give Healing Properties to Medicinal Plants?

Ans: Specific active components like alkaloids, essential oils, phenolic compounds, and triterpenoids are responsible for making the healing plants medicinal.

Ques: How Ancient are Medicinal Plants?

Ans: Medicinal plants have been used by humans since the Sumerian civilization, i.e., the three thousand BC. Several herbs are listed in the ancient data for curing endless ailments.

Ques: Are Medicinal Plants Used in the Pharmaceutical Industry?

Ans: Yes, several herbs are used to manufacture medicines. Also, these plants are a primary component of the Ayurvedic method of healing ailments.

Ques: Should I Depend on Medicinal Plants?

Ans: Medicinal plants work as an excellent home remedy for some diseases; however, we suggest consulting an expert before ingesting them and whether you should depend on them for your treatment.

Ques: Are Medicinal Plants Online Authentic?

Ans: Yes, you can purchase medicinal plants from the comfort of your couch through any internet-connected gadget. These plants available in online gardening stores like ours are a hundred percent authentic and healthy.

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